Oleg V. Kalmin, Doctor of medical sciences, professor, head of the sub-department of human anatomy, Medical Institute, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: email@example.com
Anastasiya V. Efremova, Assistant, sub-department of dentistry, Medical Institute, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Larisa A. Zyul'kina, Doctor of medical sciences, associate professor, head of the sub-department of dentistry, Medical Institute, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: email@example.com
Background. The purpose of the research is to study the morphological features of the pterygopalatine canal and the pterygopalatine foramen in men of the mature age’s first period.
Materials and methods. The object of the study was 129 men of the mature age’s first period (from 20 to 35 years). The parameters of the craniofacial complex, the size and shape of the greater palatine foramen and the greater palatine canal were studied.
Results. It is established that the pterygopalatine foramen and the pterygopalatine canal have a pronounced variability in size and shape.
Conclusion. The highest values of Medio-distal and anterior-posterior diameters of a pterygopalatine foramenand the length of the pterygopalatine canal l was statistically significantly higher in the group eurobotopen, the smallest in the group lipoprotei. Bilateral differences Mediodistal and anterior-posterior diameters of the pterygopalatine foramen and the length of the pterygopalatine canal in all groups as for the facial index Garson was statistically significant (p > 0,05). The most common form of a pterygopalatine foramen – oval, elongated in the front-rear direction (30–52 %), least often – helical (3–4 %), sickle (1–4 %). The most common form of the pterygopalatine canal is sickle – shaped (33–52 %), the most rare form is funnel – shaped with a bend in the lower third (3–7 %).
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